November 07, 2011

Allama Iqbal's Understanding of Quran & An Interview of Mian Ali Bakhsh

علامہ اقبال کی شاعری دراصل قرآن و سنت کی ترجمانی ہے
Admin's Note: Please read a detailed post on 'Allama Iqbal and The Words of Holy Quran' from All 10 books of Kalam-e-Iqbal Here.


Some articles on Allama Iqbal's knowledge and understanding of Holy Quran are presented here. Please read them carefully, also an Interview of Allama Iqbal's Khidmat-gaar Mian Ali Bakhsh along with its English translation is also added at the end of this post 

Iqbal Ki Quran Fehmi (Articles by Mian Muhammad Saeed Shad) 
(Nawa-i-e-Waqt, 11-12-15 Oct, 2011)





A Day In the Life of Allama Iqbal
An Interview with Mian Ali Bakhsh





English Translation:

Q. When did Iqbal usually get up in the morning?
A. Very early. As a matter of fact, he slept very little. He was keen on his morning prayer. After the prayer he read the Qur'an.

Q. In what manner did he read the Qur'an?
A. Before his throat was affected, he used to recite the Qur'an in a clear and melodious voice. Even after he got the throat disease he used to read the Qur'an but not loudly.

Q. What did he usually do after he had finished his prayer and recitation?
A. He used to sit in an easy-chair. I would prepare his "hookah" and place it before him. He would study the briefs of cases which were to come up in court that day. Now and then, while still at his files, he would have moments of poetic inspiration.

Q. How did you know when he was in his poetic mood?
A. He would call me and say: "Bring my note book and my pencil." When I brought these, he would write down the verses in pencil. Now and then, when he did not feel satisfied with his composition, he was extremely restless. While composing he would often ask for the Qur'an to be brought to him. Even otherwise he called for the Qur'an a number of times in the day.

Q. What time did he usually go to court when he was practising at the bar?
A. He used to leave 15 or 20 minutes before court time. As long as he lived in Anarkali [his house, which is no longer in existence, was where the New Market, Lahore, is now] he used to go to court in his horse carriage. Later, he bought a car.

Q. How long was he active as a legal practictioner?
A. He was in practice until he got his throat disease which was around 1932 or 1933.

Q. What did he do on return from court?
A. Before doing anything else he used to ask me to help him take off his court clothes. He was never fond of formal dress and used to put it only for the court and that also with effort.

Q. What did he do after changing his dress?
A. He composed verses whenever he felt like it.

Q. Did he sleep in the afternoon?
A. Not usually, but he did so now and then.

Q. At what time did he take his meals?
A. Between 12 and 1 o'clock in the day. He ate only one meal. Normally he did not eat in the evening.

Q. What were his favourite dishes?
A. He was fond of pulao, mash-ki-daal seasoned with ghee, karela stuffed with minced meat, and also khushka.


Q. Did he like many dishes at his meals?
A. No, there were only a few dishes at a time. He was a poor eater.

Q. Did he take any exercise?
A. In the early days, he did. In those days he used dum-bells, and performed dand [a stretching exercise].

Q. Was he interested in games and sports?
A. He was interested in watching wrestling matches.

Q. Was he in the habit of going out in the evening?
A. Getting out in the evening was almost an impossibility with him. In the earlier days when he was living inside Bhati Gate [where he lived before going to Cambridge, England in 1905], he would sometimes walk as far as the platform outside the house of Hakim Shahbazuddin [a close friend of the poet]. Once in a while Sir Zulfiqar Ali [of the ruling family of Malerkotla; author of book on poet 'A voice from the East'] would come in his car and take him out.

Q. When did he go to sleep in the evening?
A. In the evening a number of friends and visitors used to call on him. These sittings went on till 9 or 10 o'clock. After this he sat alone with Ch. Mohammad Husain and recited to him the verses he had composed during the day.


Q. How long did Choudhry Sahib normally stay?
A. Up to 12 or 1 o'clock in the night. After this Doctor Sahib would go to bed, but would get up for his Tahajjud prayer after he had hardly slept for two or three hours.

Q. And after the Tahajjud?
A. He used to lie down for a short time until it was time for the morning prayers.

Note: The above extracts are from an interview with Mian Ali Bakhsh, the life-long domestic assistant of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. It was conducted by Pakistani man of letters Mumtaz Hasan on 23 September 1957. It's from "Tribute to Iqbal" by Mumtaz Hasan, collected and edited by M.Moizuddin

10 comments:

  1. @ faqr:
    meri ek confusion duur ker daen please.
    allama ka ek shaer hai exact toh mujhe yaad nahi lakin uss mein kuch iss tarah ki baat unhon ne ki hai k jamhuriat ek tarz e hakumat hai jis mein afrad ko gina nahi tola kerta hain.kuch is tarah ka hai

    aur ek jaga woh farmaaty hai
    sultani e jamhur ka aata hai zamana

    yeh donaun shaer bazahir opposite lagtay hain.irshad farma daen.neez ek lateef sa nukta yeh bhi hai sultani aur jamhur do bilkul muttazad cheezein hain ,allam ne inhein ek he misray mein shayad ghalti se istemal ker idya hai yani "Sultani e jamhuur"

    kahiye,kya kehte hain?

    ReplyDelete
  2. @husain,

    mutazzad cheezain nahin hain, samajhne mein galti hai. Sultani-e-Jamhoor means Awam Ki Hukmrani (govt of people). sometimes people wrongly read it as sultani-o-jumhoor which has different meaning. Its a long debate, I will try to do post on this topic with Ashaar from all poetry books of Iqbal then you will see, there is no contradiction in Allama Iqbal's views abt democracy from Books:Bang-e-Dra to Armaghan-e-Hijaz. Iqbal strongly rejected western democracy and gave a new term 'spiritual democracy' and proposed a constitution for Islamic state which can be found in book: Zinda Rood. Word 'rohani jumhooriat' was used in that constitution. Its a long debate, i am leaving this here, wait until a complete post on it.

    Your above-mentioned couplets can be found in Iqbalurdu.blogspot.com, in poems, Jumhooriat and Farman-e-Khuda Fariston Se.

    ReplyDelete
  3. @faqr:
    the term spiritual democracy is a very new term to me.i think probably you wanted to say 'social democracy' instead of spiritual democracy i.e to take advice in one's personnal affairs like before starting a new busines etc.is it so?

    ReplyDelete
  4. Faqar-e-Ghayoor yahan gazwai hind ki baat ho rahi hay aur pakistan is waqt india ko pasand deeda mulk qarar day raha hay tajarat kay rastay khol raha hay to yeh sub kaisay ho ga hum log is fiaslay ki waja say bohut perisaan hain yeh do qoumi nazriay ki toheen hay pl is per kuch kahian

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  5. @Anonymous

    Dear, Preshan hone ki bilkul koi zaroorat nahin. Allama Iqbal farmaya karte thay ke 'Dunya aur musalmanon ke Halaat dekh kar bohat dukh hota hai magar khushi aur itminaan ki baat ye hai ke iss kainat ko Allah Ta'ala chala raha hai aur woh khud hi Akhri Nabi (S.A.W.) ki Ummat (Akhri Ummat) ki Hifazat kare ga'.

    Iss baar munafiq bohat zaida ho gye hain aur woh musalmanon mein andar tak penetrate kar chuke hain so first woh expose ho rahe, itmam-e-hujjat ho raha, jald sazaon ke faislay ho jaen ge Allah ki taraf se. Allah ke Wade Sache hain aur change nahin hote. App sirf Allah pe yaqeen rakhain. Quran Pak mein jo batain likhi hain woh to puri honi hi hain to fikr kis baat ki. Saaf nazar aa raha ke Allah Iman walon ko azma raha aur ghaddaron ko diheel de raha hai but munafiqeen Ka anjaam bura hai.

    Ghazwa-e-Hind to hona hi hai, Pakistan ko banaya hi issi maqsad ke liye gya hai aur Allama Iqbal jaisa Allah ka Wali-e-Kamil jo bashratain de gya, woh to ho kar rehni hain. InshaAllah.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Salam Alaikum Faqre Ghayoor Sahab

    Jese aap ko pata hoga ke aaj International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) ne apni report Iran ke bare main UN main submit ki hai jis main Iran par ilzam lagaya hai ke woh khufia tor par atomic weapon or testing kar raha hai. Ane wale months main most possibly iran par attack hosakta hai.

    Jahan tak pakistan ka india ko favourite country ka darja dene ki bat hai to pakistan ki adhi qom to wese hi india ki diwani hai . indian filmain or drama har ghar main chalte hain. nayi nasal ka to bas nahi chal raha ke india main ja kar reh jain. kam az kam media par dekh kar to mujhe yehi lagta hai ke nayi nasal bharti filmon, dramon, or culture ki diwani hai.

    Allah hi bachaye is mulk ko.

    Syed Hussain

    ReplyDelete
  7. aap bilkul sahi keh rahay hain humara to media daikh kar lagta hi nahi kay yeh islami mulk hay may jab pehli bar 1997 may pakistan gai thi 12 saal kay baad to mujahay bohut faraq mehsoos hua tha pkistan 12 saal may budal cuka tah jahan jao indin filmain her ghar say indian filmon ki awaz ati thi ya gano ki bachay bol chal may hidi lufz booltay deikhay hjndu film stars kay ilawa kuch pata hi nahi dil to bouht ghbraia socha yeh wo pakistan to naihi jo may chor kar gai the ab to kair away ka awa hi bigra huwa hay kia hum per koi bouht bari afat anay wali hay apna midia jab hum NY may bath kar dakhtaiy hain to dil koon kay ansoo rota hay sukria Faqre Ghayoor app nay maray pehlay sawal ka jawab dia may to din rat pakserzameen kay liay dua karti hon Komal amin

    ReplyDelete
  8. Asslaam Aleykum,

    ALLAH KAREEM, HAZRAT ALLAMA IQBAL R.A. KO JANNATUL FIRDOUS MAIN ARFAO AALA MAQAAM ATAA FARMAAYE ,

    AUR UN K SADQEY MAIN MUSLMAN NOJWANON MAIN
    AIK NAYA JOSH O WALWALA ATAA FARMAAYE
    AMEEN SUMMA AMEEN.

    @ Anonymous :: AP K ANDAZ SEY TO LAGTA HEY K AAP GHAZWAYE HIND SEY BOHAT GHABRAYE HUWEY HAIN ,

    AUR MUJEY YE BHI MEHSOOS HORAHA HEY K AP KI TAANGAIN BHI KAANP RAHI HONGI , GHAZWAYE HIND SEY HAHAHHAHAHAHAHAHAH,

    O MEREY BHAI , SAHABA KRAAM R.A TO JIHAD MAIN SHAMIL HONEY K LIYE BARA EHTAMAAM KIYA KARTEY THEY , AUR KHUSHI SEY JAYA KARTEY THEY , KYUN K UNKO SHAHEED K MAQAAM KA PTA THA AUR WO SIRF ALLAH KI RAZA K LIYE JIHAAD AKRTEY THEY ,
    APNEY ASLI AUR HAMESHA REHNEY WALEY GHAR K LIYE EHTEMAAM KIYA KARTEY THEY .

    AP KO TO KHUSH HONA CHAHYE K JIHAD MAIN SHAMIL HONEY KA MOQA MILEY GA.

    ALLAH APKO JAZBA JIHAD ATAA FARMAAYE AMEEN

    APKO CHAHYE K SHAHEED K BAREY MAIN QURAAN PAAK AUR AHAADEES MAIN MALOOMAT LAIN,

    SHAHEED KHATA PITA HEY , KYA ? JANNATI MEWEY.

    SHAHEED KI ROOH KO KHOOBSOORAT SABAZ PARINDEY KI SOORAT MAIN JANNAT MAIN DAKHIL KIYA JATA HEY, JIS WAQT WO SHAHEED HOTA HEY USI WAQT USKO JANNAT MAIN DAKHIL KAR DIYA JATA HEY US K ASLI GHAR JAHAN USNEY HAMESHA REHNA HEY , AUR WO QAYAMAT TAK JANAT MAIN HI REHEY GA AUR KHOOB JI BHAR K MOJAIN KAREY GA .
    PHIR QAYAMAT MAIN USKI ROOH KO US K JISM MAIN DAKHIL KAR K JANNAT MAIN DAKHIL KIYA JAYE GA.
    AUR USKO QABAR KA AZAB BHI NAHI, AUR WO QABAR MAIN QAYAMAT TAK TAZA JISM K SAATH HOGA , US K JISM KO QABAR K KEEREY NAHI KHATEY KYUN K
    ALLAH TAALA NEY UNHEY ZINDA RAKHA HEY WO KHATEY PITEY HAIN.

    AB AAP HI FESLA KARLO, K ZINDON MAIN REHNA HEY K ............................... .

    YAAR APNA HOSLA ZRA BULAND RAKHO , AUR ALLAMA IQBAL R.A K SHAAEEN BAN KAR OOCHI PARWAZ KARO.

    ( Mujahid Islam )

    ReplyDelete
  9. Dear Brothers & Sisters,

    An important post from all books of Kalam-e-Iqbal will be published tomorrow InshaAllah.

    ReplyDelete
  10. very nice and the very amazing articles that you have the posted sir very good interview of about the allma iqbal very nice i like it very much thanks for the sharing sir.keep it up.

    ReplyDelete